Shailendra Kumar (Sikkim University) and Sanghamitra Choudhury (University of Oxford) have posted “Cognitive Moral Development in AI Robots” on SSRN. Here is the abstract:
The widespread usage of artificial intelligence (AI) is prompting a number of ethical issues, including those involving concerns for fairness, surveillance, transparency, neutrality, and human rights. This manuscript explores the possibility and means of cognitive moral development in AI bots, and while doing so, it floats a new concept for the characterization and development of artificially intelligent and ethical robotic machines. It proposes the classification of the order of evolution of ethics in the AI bots, by making use of Lawrence Kohlberg’s study related to cognitive moral development in humans. The manuscript further suggests that by providing appropriate inputs to AI robots in accordance with the proposed concept, humans may assist in the development of an ideal robotic creature that is morally responsible.