Lessig on the First Amendment and Replicants

Lawrence Lessig (Harvard Law School) has posted “The First Amendment Does Not Protect Replicants” (Social Media and Democracy (Lee Bollinger & Geoffrey Stone, eds., Oxford 2022), Forthcoming) on SSRN. Here is the abstract:

As the semantic capability of computer systems increases, the law should resolve clearly whether the First Amendment protects machine speech. This essay argues it should not be read to reach sufficiently sophisticated — “replicant” — speech.