Karen Levy (Cornell University), Kyla Chasalow (University of Oxford), and Sarah Riley (Cornell University) have posted “Algorithms and Decision-Making in the Public Sector” (Annual Review of Law and Social Science, Vol. 17 (2021)) on SSRN. Here is the abstract:
This article surveys the use of algorithmic systems to support decision-making in the public sector. Governments adopt, procure, and use algorithmic systems to support their functions within several contexts—including criminal justice, education, and benefits provision—with important consequences for accountability, privacy, social inequity, and public participation in decision-making. We explore the social implications of municipal algorithmic systems across a variety of stages, including problem formulation, technology acquisition, deployment, and evaluation. We highlight several open questions that require further empirical research.