Ebers on Civil Liability for Autonomous Vehicles in Germany

Martin Ebers (Humboldt University of Berlin – Faculty of Law; University of Tartu, School of Law) has posted “Civil Liability for Autonomous Vehicles in Germany” on SSRN. Here is the abstract:

This paper deals with civil liability for autonomous driving under German law, and is structured as follows: After an introduction (I.) the paper provides an overview of the current legal framework (II.), followed by an analysis of the liability of drivers (III.), technical supervisors (IV.), vehicle keepers (V.), manufacturers (VI.) and IT service providers (VII.). An additional section deals with the question of how autonomous vehicles would be integrated into the insurance system (VIII.), whereas the last section draws some final conclusions (IX.).

Patil on Cyber Laws in India

Jatin Patil (NMIMS School of Law, Hyderabad) has posted “Cyber Laws in India: An Overview” (Indian Journal of Law and Legal Research, 4(01), pp. 1391-1411) on SSRN. Here is the abstract:

The world has progressed in terms of communication, particularly since the introduction of the Internet. The rise of cybercrime, often known as e-crimes (electronic crimes), is a major challenge confronting today’s society. As a result, cybercrime poses a threat to nations, companies, and individuals all across the world. It has expanded to many parts of the globe, and millions of individuals have become victims of cybercrime. Given the serious nature of e-crime, as well as its worldwide character and repercussions, it is evident that a common understanding of such criminal conduct is required to successfully combat it. The definitions, types, and incursions of e-crime are all covered in this study. It has also focused on India’s anti-e-crime legislation.

Stylianou, Zingales, and Di Stefano on Is Facebook Keeping up with International Standards on Freedom of Expression? A Time-Series Analysis 2005-2020

Konstantinos Stylianou (University of Leeds – School of Law), Nicolo Zingales (FGV; Tilburg; Stanford Center for Internet and Society), and Stefania Di Stefano (Graduate Institute of International and Development Studies) have posted “Is Facebook Keeping up with International Standards on Freedom of Expression? A Time-Series Analysis 2005-2020” on SSRN. Here is the abstract:

Through an exhaustive tracking of the evolution of relevant documents, we assess the compatibility of Facebook’s content policies with applicable international standards on freedom of expression, not only regarding Facebook’s current policies (as of late 2020), but historically as well starting from Facebook’s founding. The historical dimension allows us to observe how Facebook’s response has changed through time, and how freedom of expression has evolved and how emphasis has shifted to new areas of speech, issues, or groups, particularly online. Our reserach highlights areas where progress was noticed, and areas where progress has been insufficient, making relevant recommendations. Our overall finding is that in virtually all areas of freedom of expression we tracked, Facebook responded slowly to develop content moderation policies that were up to international standards. While the international community was more proactive, it too missed opportunities for timely guidance on key areas.